- Why might I quote someone directly rather than summarize them?
- By quoting someone directly, you are giving an exact statement of what they said; quotes can be used for meanings and power. However, using quotes may be considered as “being lazy.” Summaries provide a short overview of the entire work, whether the work is big or small.
- What is the difference in quotations and italics?
- Quotations are used for small works like articles while italics are used for larger works like books.
- What is the first thing to know about a source?
- The author
- Where to get help for citing sources?
- The MLA website, Purdue Owl, and teachers
- What are three things that each annotation should include?
- Author, year published, and page numbers if necessary
- What is something I remember not on the quiz?
- The fake outline for our annotated paper
- Why might I quote someone directly rather than summarize them?
- Caleb Jones explains that people who do not go into nature are “cowardly.” Although the word cowardly is too strong here, I do think we all could use more nature.
- In the works cited entries, small works get put in “quotations” while large works are in italics.
- The first thing you need to know about a source is the first and last names of the authors. The first time you introduce an author, you’re going to use their full name. After that, use their last name.
- You can receive help with citations from Purdue Owl, library, teachers, and Easy Bib (citation machine).
- You need the author, title, date, and sometimes journals with numbers. For a source, you will always need a citation, summary, and evaluation.
- Given a topic in January: the apocalyptic event
- Narrow this topic: health care in the apocalypse
- In high school, you have your thesis first and then you look up sources that support that. This creates a confirmation bias!
- Mock example
- Extreme tourism: my topic
- I do research and read different types of sources and then we create the hypothesis.
- Hypothesis: Using extreme tourism to become famous online is an insult to the people who have survived the disaster.
- Thesis: In this project, a set of Instagram photos I found online illustrated my main point: that extreme tourism, especially done right after the event, is disrespectful to the survivors.
- 10 sources: 5 should be from scholarly journals and 5 can be online
- Use pop culture texts.
- Topic: grieving after a disaster/setting up services
- In my first few pages, I want to share examples of grieving from the movies. One place fans grieved alongside their characters was in the film Avengers: Infinity War. This film features a group of heros who try to stop the evil Thanos from destroying half on humankind. In the conclusion to this film, most viewers were heartbroken when they saw Iron Man holding Spiderman, who disappeared into ash. Likewise, Captain America sank to his knees to see his best friend vanish before his eyes. These moments might be similar to ones we have experienced in disasters.
- Homework: find 2 pop culture texts and create annotations for them
- Chernobyl Diaries. Directed by Brad Parker, performances by _____ and ______, 2012, Amazon Prime, (insert link here)
- This film shows what happens to a group of young adults who travel to Chernobyl. The horror comes when they are stranded on site and begin to face the terrors within the buildings. Although this movie was not a hit, and although there are many predictable moments, I found the shots of the scenery most helpful to my upcoming research. The presence of a couple taking photos also gave me good ideas about what to write.
Smith, Thomas L., et al. “Protecting Critical Facilities,” vol. 82, no. 5, Civil Engineering. May 2012, pp. 52-57.
In “Protecting Critical Facilities,” the authors introduce their topic by describing the disastrous tornadoes from 2011. The main goal of this article is to discuss the necessary precautions and enhancements for important buildings such as hospitals. Topics such as available refuge areas, safe rooms, and vulnerability assessment are included as basic precautions; additionally, the authors discuss different levels of enhancements to assist buildings during times of environmental disasters.
I found this article significant as it discusses authentic events that affected numerous people. The article’s purpose is important as it raises awareness for safety and possible building enhancements, and it teaches people about these basic precautions. Although the article was published in 2012, it seems fairly relevant and not obsolete.
Falcone, Robert E., and Detty, Andrew. “Natural Disasters: Hospital Management,” vol. 32, no. 23, Emergency Medicine Reports. November 2015, pp. 1-27.
Throughout this article, Falcone and Detty share the origins of natural disasters such as tornadoes and earthquakes, and they discuss the effects and tragedies from each event. From crucial information gathered by surveys, the authors create preparations that should be taken by hospitals before a natural disaster.
This article is crucial for hospital safety during environmental disasters, and I found the most important section to be the lessons learned from past events. As the article was published in 2015, it is extremely current, and I enjoyed learning of the article’s purpose.
- Make a citation for Joanna Wolfe’s article.
- Wolfe, Joanna. “Rhetorical Numbers: A Case for Quantitative Writing in the Composition Classroom.” CCC, 2010.
- MLA 8
- Author’s name: Wolfe, Joanna
- Big sources (like books or journals) use italics while smaller sources (like articles) use “quotation marks”
- “Rhetorical Numbers: A Case for Quantitative Writing in the Composition Classroom.” (smaller work) and CCC (larger work)
- Example: Thank U, Next (album) and “Seven Rings” (song)
- Wolfe, Joanna. “Rhetorical Numbers: A Case for Quantitative Writing in the Composition Classroom,” vol 61, no 3, CCC. February 2010, pp 434-457.
- The author talks about how quantitative writing is just as important as classical rhetorical analysis and how it should be taught in schools. She proposes new assignments and ways to train teacher for this purpose. Wolfe gives examples of where we see this in society and how important changing our teaching methods is.
- I found the source relatable due to the stories about the grocery store and the pregnant lady.
- Note: I was unable to do a hanging indent for this citation.
- 1-2 sentences of summary
- 1st sentence is the thesis
- 2nd sentence explains how the person achieves the thesis/ what they do
- Evaluate the source for relevance, purpose, and currency (CRAAP- take out the author and accuracy part because of peer review). This part should be about 2-3 sentences.
- Jones, Caleb. Camping Out. Auburn Montgomery Press, 2019.
- This is just like what your project will do!
- I. The State of the World
- A. Numbers are everywhere.
- B. People assume numbers are always right or that they’re fake.
- II. The Problem to be Fixed
- A. Students are not taught about numbers and how persuasive they are.
- B. Teachers aren’t prepared to teach them.
- III. The Solution (the most important section)
- A. Train teachers how to teach this part of rhetoric.
- B. Train students on how to deal with numbers in the real world.
- I. The State of the World
- Fake outline for paper
- I. State of Things
- A. Percentage of tornadoes in Southern states
- B. History of tornadoes in Montgomery
- II. Problem to be Solved
- A. Drills aren’t safe for students.
- B. New methods haven’t been used in many years.
- III. Solution
- A. Use men’s and women’s bathrooms on the halls
- I. State of Things
- Your solution shouldn’t be too big:
- Plant an entire farm, build a hospital, quarantine sick people, solve the government problem by setting up new ways, or clean the streets.
- This is way too much!!
- Blog 8
- Find 2 sources for your project, put the MLA info for them, and summarize them.
In “Rhetorical Numbers: A Case for Quantitative Writing in the Composition Classroom,” Joanna Wolfe discusses the importance of quantitative information. In her introduction, she states that “quantitative argument will come to play an even larger role in our daily lives as citizens, professionals, and individuals.” The biggest concern found throughout the essay is the importance of teaching students quantitative literacy. Most importantly, textbooks ignore quantitative arguments while newspapers communicate these arguments. Joanna made the great point of perspectives on quantitative information by presenting two examples: one in fifty and ninety-seven percent. She states that many people found “one in fifty” easier to visualize as “ninety-seven percent” sounds abstract and scientific. Thus, various representations of the same statistics can create different logical, pathetic, and ethical appeals. Joanna gives more examples and diagrams throughout the essay that contribute to her cause. However, towards the end of her essay, she presents three solutions to the problem. In her first solution, Joanna suggests that textbooks and readers should pay more attention to quantitative arguments, and secondly, she suggests that students practice quantitative literacy in assignments. Her most important suggestion, the third solution, is that graduate composition courses should teach quantitative arguments.
I find Joanna Wolfe’s essay very effective and sensational. Her concern on the topic seems relevant as it was published in 2010, meaning it is relatively current. Her introduction was extremely thorough, and she did an excellent job at announcing the societal importance of quantitative arguments. Not only did Joanna establish the importance for society, but she also establishes an educational importance for this information. She states that textbooks commonly ignore quantitative arguments, and I find this true as many textbooks do not include them or lump them together. I believe that Joanna has a crucial point as students cannot learn without something to study. In the essay, I liked the examples that she gave, and I found that these examples further her cause. The most important piece is the call for action, and Joanna did a great job at providing solutions for this problem. The conclusion for the essay is straight forward as it allows the readers to take away the main goal- educating people on quantitative literacy. Overall, I found very little mistakes in her paper, and I did not find any parts to be extremely weak. Joanna’s paper was very well written.
- Review from February
- Email to my best friend who is 18 years old
- Topic: deals with Chernobyl and extreme tourism
- Task: write them and tell them whether they should or shouldn’t go to Chernobyl
- Email: most people in the class agreed that it was dangerous to go to Chernobyl.
- We cited sources to back up what you were saying. We were trying to find people who agreed with us. This is the method of grade school and high school.
- Example from your major where you had to read from the databases on the AUM website: we were asked to find an article in which we disagreed with the expert.
- We’ve had 2 examples- one where we agreed (Chernobyl) and one where we disagreed (article about your major).
- We’re starting to practice what’s called binary thinking (remember exercise in class). We can’t believe that there are only 2 options; there’s more.
- From Caleb’s book (Camping Out)- “Refusing to spend time in nature is cowardly because it is a significant part of our environment. We can’t ignore it.”
- Although I believe that the word “cowardly” is a bit unfair, I do agree that Americans should spend time outdoors.
- This is ambivalent thinking.
- Research is a conversation among different perspectives. Rarely are those perspectives just binary.
- Why did I quote Caleb Jones word for word? Why not summarize it?
- Examples from Kyle Stedman/ Using Caleb Jones’s book
- Caleb Jones states, “Refusing to spend time in nature is cowardly because it is a significant part of our environment.” His perspective is quite controversial as many Americans spend several hours outdoors. Jones also comments that “we can’t ignore it.” However, nobody ignores nature as it is a part of our daily lives. The term “cowardly” is a bit of an overstatement.
- Caleb Jones states in his book that “people who don’t camp couldn’t live in a situation if there were no power.” I genuinely disagree with this because I am good at making a fire. Just last week when we were in thirty-degree range outside, I made a fire to keep my family from freezing.
- Email to my best friend who is 18 years old
The central theme of this course is the apocalypse, and before entering this class, the term “apocalypse” had very little meaning to me. Apocalypse is associated with catastrophic events leading to the destruction of the world, and zombies are also commonly associated with this term. However, I have realized throughout this course that an apocalypse does not have to lead to the total annihilation of life on Earth, and with this information, I have recognized that an apocalypse can be made by humans, not just nature.
The class has discussed several topics, completed activities, and written homework assignments throughout this course, yet all of these activities relate back to the apocalypse. Despite all of the assignments, only a few of the activities and homework have helped me in creating my topic. The class discussion on the first day regarded alternative weapons if all firearms were not present; this activity provoked me to critically think during times of an apocalypse. Our first homework assignment was writing about a time in which we or an associate lost electrical power, heat, air conditioning, or water, and because I have never lost heat or water, I chose to write about the time that I lost electrical power. The second activity in class involved us students researching where water for the Montgomery area comes from, and this activity sparked my curiosity for natural and environmental ideas. Our third blog required information on the disasters in Fukushima, Japan and Chernobyl, Russia, and while gathering this information, I became aware of the severity of man-made disasters. I found these four activities and assignments to be the most influential in my decision making; with each new assignment, I became more interested in environmental disasters and the welfare of human beings. I believe that there is a clear connection between the class theme of apocalypse and my topic of environmental disasters.
I have a newly found interest for this class because this course has helped me recognize the severity of disasters, and it has also helped me realize that the apocalypse does not have to involve zombies and the end of the world. As Dr. Howard stated in class, environmental or man-made disasters can seem like an apocalypse; it all depends on how we look at things and interpret them. I intend for my research proposal topic to involve the safety of hospital patients and staff during a tornado, and my research will involve the Montgomery area as the setting. As a current student with a biology major which is concentrated in health sciences, I have an excellent understanding of biology and nature. I believe that this topic matters to society because a hospital houses a large concentration of people. Not only would the people in the hospital be affected, but their families and loved ones would also be. Another important reason for my research proposal mattering to society is that it concerns human lives; hospital patients are people, just like us. During my research, three questions will be prompted. The potential questions are, “Which area of the hospital building will be the safest for patients”, “Why will that area be the safest in an environmental disaster”, and “How will this proposal ensure the safety of patients during a tornado?”
The research methods and sources learned in this class will help me considerably. One of the most important things that I learned very early is to take things piece by piece, and by this process, I will slowly gather credible, reliable information. This class has taught me how to discern if a source is trustworthy, so I will use the techniques learned in class for my research. For many of my articles and sources, I will try to use the “iceberg technique.” Another technique that I will use is how to limit search results on databases or search engines. Sources such as Google, Google Scholar, and the Auburn University at Montgomery library will benefit me in my research. Although these are the only sources that I listed, I intend to gather more information from people or books as well. I will collect information from credible articles found on Google, and I will gather information found in scholarly articles from Google Scholar.
In this project, I will research which area of a hospital is the safest place for patients and staff to be during a tornado. Hospitals are not faced with this difficulty as of right now; however, what will happen when the hospital needs to move a large number of people to a safe place? Another concern of mine is if the hospital exactly knows the safest place to be. During times of disaster, many people tend to panic and forget most of their previous knowledge; this situation is known as the “fight or flight” response. Without the proper and necessary knowledge, the hospital will be endangering its patients and staff.
For this research project, the apocalypse will be an environmental disaster. In this scenario, I will hypothesize that a tornado is entering the Montgomery area; however, I will only be focusing on the effect it will have on hospital patients and staff. I am unsure of what hospital I will use as the basis, but the tornado will be near a major hospital. Tornadoes are naturally known for destroying things and even disrupting life, so I believe that my research will be important.
My solution to this problem involves finding a safe spot, and I personally believe that the safest place in a hospital is a basement which has no windows. However, a problem occurs with this statement. What if the hospital does not have a basement? Another question is, “Where will the safest place be in a hospital without a basement?” Windows, which are hazards for tornadoes, are commonly found on the base floor of the hospital. Throughout my research, I will be able to gather information and create a final, reliable solution. All of this information will be crucial for the Montgomery area as it has several hospitals and clinics.
I have several strengths as a writer, yet I also face some weaknesses. My strengths include creating well-structured papers, being open-minded, always willing to improve, and being confident in my work. My weaknesses are facing writer’s block, lacking motivation to write, using complex words, and being repetitive at times. The most pressing issue for me is beginning to write and becoming stressed in general. I do not have motivation to write if I feel stressed, and I sometimes have a lack of creativity and ideas. I believe that I am a good writer, but these difficulties do affect me. Despite this, my writing has improved greatly due to my previous English course. The introductory course broadened my writing skills and taught me how to effectively persuade people by using rhetoric. The concepts of critical thinking, rhetoric, and reflection have transferred to this course. In this course, I will use critical thinking to create solutions for humanity during the apocalypse, and I will use rhetoric to enhance the arguments about my solution. Finally, I will always reflect on how I have progressed as a writer and how these projects have helped me.
I am aware that you would like to go to Chernobyl for your first spring break of college. I think that visiting Chernobyl would be interesting for the architectural views and environment; however, tourism in Chernobyl is commonly referred to as “dark tourism.” Chernobyl has a painful past, and the history behind the disaster is uncomforting.
The tourism of places of death, disasters, and tragedies form the basis of dark tourism. Many places where large amounts of death and disaster have occurred can deeply unsettle people. Not only are locals affected by these events, but visitors are also affected as it creates problematic situations and discourses (Martini and Buda, 2018). When participating in dark tourism, many tourists feel endangered, fearful, and somewhat excited. I know that you are brave and courageous, but I still fear for you and your experience. Dark tourism capitalizes on loss and turmoil; for example, New Orleans capitalized on the loss from Hurricane Katrina (Martini and Buda, 2018). I know that it may seem exciting to visit Chernobyl, but I have one final concern. According to Viktor Kharchenko, one day of being in Chernobyl is equivalent to flying over the Atlantic Ocean in terms of radiation. Additionally, you will have to be “cleared” of radiation before you finally leave (“Numbers of Chernobyl Disaster Visitors Boom”).
I believe that spring break is generally a time of excitement and happiness. Usually we would want to take our spring break vacation at Panama City, and I feel as if our usual spot is happier and not related to dark tourism. Please reconsider visiting Chernobyl.